Sunday 14 January 2018


2018  0114 02  Taittriya Upanishad: Shanti Paata Contd: Namo Brahmane; Namaste Vayo

 शं नो मित्रः शं वरुणः  |   शं नो भवतु  अर्यमा  | 
शं न इन्द्रो बृहस्पतिः  | शं नो विष्णु रुरुक्रमः  |    

नमो ब्रह्मणे  |  नमस्ते  वायो  |  त्वमेव प्रत्यक्षं ब्रह्मासि  |  
त्वामेव प्रत्यक्षं ब्रह्म वदिष्यामि  |

ऋतं  वदिष्यामि सत्यं  वदिष्यामि |  
तन्मामवतु  |  तद्वक्तारमवतु  |  अवतु माम्  |  अवतु  वक्तारम्  |

ॐ शान्तिः  शान्तिः शान्तिः ||    थै 1 .1

Namo BrahmaNE; NamastE Vaayo; TvamEva prayaksham BrahmAsi;

TvamEva prayaksham Brahma vadishyaami    T 1.1

Adi Sankara's Commentary:

The acts of salutations to and praise of Brahman are done for the resolution of all possible obstructions in gaining the knowledge of Brahman, by the one who is desirous of knowing it, since the results of all actions are dependent on Brahman. Brahman is Vayu. I offer my salutations, I bend down to that Brahman.

Namo Brahmane, Salutations to Brahman; Namaste Vayo, Salutations to you, O Vayu -- in these two places, Vayu alone is addressed. In the first instance, the word Brahma is used for Vayu and in the second, Vayu is addressed directly.  You visualize Vayu and do namaskara.

Again, 'You are pratyaksha-Brahma because, at the adhyatmika, physical level, which is pratyaksha, you are keeping my body alive and I see that directly. When I think of you as Sutratma, samashti, you become paroksha'. 

Further, since you are perceptible Brahman outside me with reference to eyes, etc and not away from me, I shall declare you to be perceptible Brahman. 

Without you in the form of Vayu, no living being can exist. Any living being needs you to breathe life. Therefore, O Vayu, I call you Brahman that is directly experienced by me.  Thus, Vayu, the Sutratma, is invoked as pratyaksha-Brahma.

Source: Swami Dayananda Saraswati: Taittriya Upanishad Vol1 [pp 74-77]


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